EuroHPC JU announces two quantum computing systems to boost HPCQS

May 30, 2022 — HPCQS, the four-year pan-European hybrid HPC/quantum pilot project, aims to develop, deploy and coordinate a cloud-based European federated infrastructure, tightly integrating two quantum computers, each controlling more than 100 qubits (quantum bits) in Joliot–Curie level-0 HPC systems of GENCIoperated at ECA/TGCC and the JUWELS modular supercomputer at the Jülich Supercomputing Center (JSC). Supported by the European Joint Undertaking for High Performance Computing (EuroHPC JU) and six European countries (Austria, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy and Spain), and managed by JSCHPCQS started in December 2021.

Capable of controlling at least 100 qubits, Fresnel’s analog quantum computer was chosen as part of the pan-European HPCQS project. This choice, based on Neutral Atoms technology, is the result of a Franco-German PPI approach, won by the French startup PASQAL.

Seamlessly integrating quantum hardware with classical computing resources, creating a hybrid system, is an essential step in harnessing the power of quantum computers to handle early practical applications. HPCQS will also create and deliver a complete, hardware-independent, European-made programming environment for quantum computing and hybrid quantum HPC applications designed for end users.

To achieve these objectives, GENCI and Forschungszentrum Jülich – with the support of EuroHPC JU – launched a joint procedure based on a PPI (Public Market for Innovative Solutions) to acquire two quantum simulators capable of controlling at least 100 qubits. This PPI resulted in the choice of the analog quantum simulator Fresnel provided by PASQAL, a French startup. Based on the technology of neutral atoms arranged in 2D/3D networks of optical tweezers and interacting in their Rydberg states. Each Fresnel will be coupled to a level 0 system and will act as a quantum accelerator for specific workloads in optimization, quantum chemistry and machine learning.

The two quantum Fresnel simulators will be installed during the second half of 2023 at CEA/TGCC and FZJ/JSC. In the meantime, PASQAL will provide remote access to its internal Fresnel system to advance HPCQS activities towards deploying a full hybrid software stack including cloud access, hybrid workload resource management, tools and libraries, including benchmarking and certification/performance analysis. . User engagement in co-design will lead to prototype applications in machine learning and scientific simulations, with quantum algorithms for solving differential equations, materials simulation, graph machine learning problems and optimization problems.

Anders Dam Jensen, Executive Director of the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking, said: “The EuroHPC Joint Undertaking is delighted to support its first quantum computing initiative and looks forward to seeing the new quantum simulators in action. Enabling access to quantum computing and leveraging the capabilities of this resource in conjunction with our existing classical HPC infrastructure will enable European research and industry to develop innovative and pioneering technological applications and solutions.

“GENCI and the CEA are extremely satisfied with the selection of PASQAL’s Fresnel quantum simulator to bring HPCQS to life. This acquisition, carried out within the framework of the French quantum strategy and the European HPCQS project, is a historic step for France and Europe in terms of quantum advantage assessment. Coupled with our Joliot Curie supercomputer at the TGCC, their unique technology of 100+ qubits based on cold atoms will allow European researchers to concretely assess the potential of quantum computing on their scientific and industrial workloads” declared together Philippe Lavocat , CEO of GENCI, and Jacques-Charles Lafoucrière, HQI, Program Manager at CEA.

HPCQS is the ideal continuation of the hybrid quantum HPC computing plans and activities, which we started in Germany with JUNIQ, at European level with our excellent partners”, explains the professor. JSC’s Thomas Lippert. “With HPCQS, we are the first in the world to achieve the deep integration between HPC and quantum computing based on modular supercomputing and we put Europe at the forefront of research with this innovative technology.”

“The PASQAL team is deeply honored that our neutral atom quantum computers have been selected by the HPCQS alliance to form the core of Europe’s first hybrid (quantum-classical) HPC infrastructure. We are proud to be part of a collaboration with such great partners and to help position the European HPC community at the forefront of the quantum revolution. The role that PASQAL can play for the HPCQS alliance could not have been achieved without the strong support of the French public authorities and their commitment to achieving excellence in quantum technologies, as formulated in the French National Quantum Plan. This is why today it is not only a question of selecting quantum computers from PASQAL. The aim today is to strengthen Europe’s strategic autonomy in quantum and HPC. We are building the HPC infrastructure of tomorrow, driven by European quantum and HPC champions,” said Georges-Olivier Reymond, CEO of PASQAL.

More details

HPCQS is an open and scalable infrastructure that aims to grow in the future by including a diversity of quantum computing platforms at different levels of technological maturity and allowing the integration of other European quantum nodes. The HPCQS infrastructure realizes, after the Jülich UNified Infrastructure for Quantum computing (JUNIQ), a second step towards a European infrastructure for quantum computing and simulation (EuroQCS), as recommended in the strategic research program of the European Quantum Flagship.

From December 1, 2021, the HPCQS project will take place over 4 years with a total budget of 12 million euros. Half of the budget comes from Horizon 2020the EU research and innovation funding program, while the other half will come from the participating countries of the EuroHPC JU.

The project was selected following the call for proposals EuroHPC-2020-01-b.

HPCQS is coordinated by Prof. Kristel Michielsen from the Jülich Supercomputing Center (JSC). It brings together leading scientific and industrial experts in quantum and supercomputing from five participating European HPC centres:

More information in the press release of the project: Towards a world-class supercomputing ecosystem – HPCQS Pioneers of federated quantum supercomputing in Europe.

About the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking

The EuroHPC Joint Undertaking was established in 2018 and recently overhauled through Regulation Council Regulation (EU) 2021/1173. Thirty-one European countries are currently participating in the initiative and pooling their resources with the EU and private partners to enable the EU to become a world leader in supercomputing.

The mission of the EuroHPC JU is to develop, deploy, extend and maintain a world-class integrated supercomputing and data infrastructure in the EU and to develop and support a highly competitive and innovative HPC ecosystem.

Source: EuroHPC JU

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